Final Cut Pro X Logic Effects - Limiter

background image


The Limiter works much like a compressor but with one important difference: where a
compressor proportionally reduces the signal when it exceeds the threshold, a limiter
reduces any peak above the threshold to the threshold level, effectively limiting the signal
to this level.


Chapter 4

Levels Effects

background image

The Limiter is used primarily when mastering. Typically, you apply the Limiter as the very
last process in the mastering signal chain, where it raises the overall volume of the signal
so that it reaches, but does not exceed, 0 dB.

The Limiter is designed in such a way that if set to 0 dB Gain and 0 dB Output Level, it
has no effect on a normalized signal. If the signal clips, the Limiter reduces the level before
clipping can occur. The Limiter cannot, however, fix audio that is clipped during recording.

Gain reduction meter: Shows the amount of limiting in real time.

Gain slider and field: Sets the amount of gain applied to the input signal.

Lookahead slider and field: Adjusts how far ahead in milliseconds the Limiter analyzes

the audio signal. This enables it to react earlier to peak volumes by adjusting the amount
of reduction.

Note: Lookahead causes latency, but this has no perceptible effect when you use the
Limiter as a mastering effect on prerecorded material. Set it to higher values if you
want the limiting effect to occur before the maximum level is reached, thus creating
a smoother transition.

Release slider and field: Sets the amount of time, after the signal falls below the threshold

level, before the Limiter stops processing.

Output Level knob and field: Sets the output level of the signal.

Softknee button: When active, the signal is limited only when it reaches the threshold.

The transition to full limiting is nonlinear, producing a softer, less abrupt effect, and
reducing distortion artifacts that can be produced by hard limiting.


Chapter 4

Levels Effects